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It’s important to be informed about your vision care and know what to expect from your eye exams. Dr. Feder and his staff are more than happy to answer all of your questions!

How often should I have my eyes examined?

Adults and children should have their eyes examined once a year. Contact lens patients should have a complete eye exam once year and quick follow-up at 6 months.

What is a dilated eye exam?

A dilated eye exam is when the doctor uses eye drops to make the pupil open wider than it normally is. A bright light is used to see the entire back of the eye and the retina to make sure the eye is healthy. Many diseases can be detected in the eye before they are detected elsewhere in the body, such as diabetes and hypertension. A complete eye exam every year is an important part of maintaining your health.

What is a routine eye exam?

A routine eye exam is when the doctor evaluates your eye health and checks your vision to determine whether or not you need a prescription. This is similar to a routine physical, there is no specific medical complaint, however you may have blurry vision or problems reading at distance or near.

What is a medical eye exam?

A medical exam is when the eye evaluation is directed toward a specific complaint or problem, such as dry eye, allergies and floaters. Vision evaluation may be part of this exam and billed to insurance if it is related to the cause of the medical diagnosis, otherwise it would be a separate non-covered fee.

What is the difference between an Optometrist and an Ophthalmologist?

An optometrist is a Doctor of Optometry who specializes in the eye. An optometrist examines patients for eyeglasses, contact lenses and diagnoses, and treats and manages eye diseases and any other disorder affecting vision. An optometrist prescribes glasses and fits contact lenses, manages and treats conjunctivitis, allergies, dry eye, glaucoma and much more. An optometrist can diagnose many eye diseases, but optometrists do not perform eye surgery. An ophthalmologist is a Medical Doctor who specializes in the eye, diagnosing, treating and managing eye diseases. Ophthalmologists perform eye surgery including cataracts, LASIK, glaucoma and retinal detachments. Optometrists and ophthalmologist work together taking care of a patient and referring back and forth as needed.

Are there age guidelines for contact lenses?

There is no specific age guideline for wearing contact lenses. Your doctor will evaluate and determine whether or not contact lenses would work well for you.

Why does my contact lens prescription expire after a year?

Contact lenses sit on the cornea and can affect your overall eye health. It is important to have your eyes evaluated every year to make sure the cornea is getting enough oxygen and that your eyes are healthy enough to continue wearing contact lenses.

When should children have their first eye exam?

Most children have their first eye exam around 5 years old, when they start kindergarten and begin to learn how to read. There are many reasons to have your child evaluated earlier. If you notice an eye turn, squinting, headaches or a child complains about his or her vision, you should bring them in for an eye exam.

What are some of the warning signs that might indicate my child has a vision problem?

The AOA lists the following signs that parents and teachers can look for to help identify a vision problem. If you notice any of the below please schedule an appointment right away.
  • An eye turning inward, outward, upward or downward frequently
  • An eye turning inward, outward, upward or downward frequently
  • Bumping into objects
  • Red eyes or eye lids
  • Frequent rubbing of the eyes
  • Excessive tearing
  • Turning or tilting head to use one eye only
  • Encrusted eyelids
  • Frequent eye styes
  • Avoiding coloring, puzzles, or detailed activities
  • Difficulty with eye-hand-body coordination
  • Avoiding close work
  • Holding reading material closer than normal
  • Headaches
  • Making frequent reversals when reading or writing
  • Using a finger to maintain place when reading
  • Omitting or confusing small words when reading
  • Consistently performing below potential
  • Behavioral problems

If my child has a vision screening at school do I need to bring them in for an eye exam?

One of the most important things a parent can do to help their children succeed in school is to take them for a comprehensive eye exam. Vision screenings are not diagnostic and typically can only find a small portion of the vision problems in children. Comprehensive eye exams are necessary to detect problems that a simple screening can miss, such as eye coordination, lazy eye, and near and farsightedness.

What is Visual Acuity, what do the 20/20 numbers mean?

Visual acuity measurements evaluate how clearly each eye is seeing. As part of the testing, you are asked to read letters on distance and near reading charts. The results of visual acuity testing are written as a fraction such as 20/40. When testing distance vision, the top number in the fraction is the standard distance at which testing is done, twenty feet. The bottom number is the smallest letter size you were able to read. A person with 20/40 visual acuity would have to get within 20 feet of a letter that should be seen at 40 feet in order to see it clearly. Normal distance visual acuity is 20/20.

Am I a good candidate for laser vision correction?

Patients who are at least 18 years of age, have healthy eyes that are free from retinal problems, corneal scars, and any eye diseases are generally suitable. Patients who are nearsighted, farsighted or have astigmatism are also potential candidates. After your consultation with Dr. Feder, he will discuss your options concerning laser vision correction.

What is Lasik co-management?

As a professional partner with the ophthalmologist who performs the surgery, Dr. Feder has been trained in all aspects of the procedure. He will ensure that you are well prepared for the surgery and you understand your surgical options. Additionally he will provide you with all of the necessary pre and post-op care up to 12 months following the surgery.

What is Lasik?

Usually the shape of the cornea and the eye are not perfect and the image on the retina is out-of-focus or distorted (refractive errors). There are three primary types of refractive errors: myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism. Persons with myopia, or nearsightedness, have more difficulty seeing distant objects as clearly as near objects. Persons with hyperopia, or farsightedness, have more difficulty seeing near objects as clearly as distant objects. Astigmatism is a distortion of the image on the retina caused by irregularities in the cornea or lens of the eye. Combinations of myopia and astigmatism or hyperopia and astigmatism are common.

Will I still need glasses or contact lenses?

Usually someone who has undergone Lasik surgery will no longer need to wear glasses or contacts. The goal of refractive surgery is to reduce your dependence on glasses or contact lenses. An occasional patient may need to wear a thin pair of prescription glasses for driving at night.

How will my vision be after LASIK surgery?

The new, corrected vision will be noticeable in as little as a few hours after surgery. Most patients that have undergone Lasik surgery find the change is permanent within a few days. Some patients do not get a fully corrected sphere of vision after their Lasik procedure. This happens in roughly 3 percent of patients. In all or nearly all cases, the physician in charge will perform an additional Lasik procedure to improve this.

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